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18.12.2015

niw info 2/2015

In the current newsletter we inform about research projects, personel changes and other activities of the NIW in the second half of the year 2015.

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17.12.2015

Business Models of Contract Manufacturers in the German Pharmaceutical Industry

A new study has been conducted by the NIW on behalf of the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung and the IG Bergbau, Chemie, Energie (IG BCE) which analyses the sub-segment of contract manufacturers from a qualitative and quantitative perspective. Although contract manufacturers are of relatively high significance in the pharmaceutical industry there has not been any research in the field yet.

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26.11.2015

New Evidence on the Effects of the Shortened School Duration

Most German states have recently reduced the duration of university preparatory schooling by one year so that the university admittance qualification is now obtained after 12 instead of 13 years. However, the number of lessons was not changed, which means that students have to learn the same curriculum in shorter time. The aim of the reform was to achieve the same level of education in a shorter period of time and to enable graduates to start their professional career one year earlier. By now there is only little empirical evidence on the question of whether this aim is achieved. Therefore, researchers of NIW Hannover in cooperation with DZHW Hannover have analyzed the effects of the reform in a number of federal states.

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25.11.2015

New Discussion Paper on the Effects of the Pilot Project Pro Kind on Fertility and Employment

In the discussion paper "Effects of Early Childhood Intervention on Fertility and Maternal Employment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial", Malte Sandner investigates the effects of the home visit program Pro Kind on the fertility and the employment of disadvantaged first-time mothers, who receive unemployment benefits (ALG II). Using administrative data and data from telephone interviews, he shows that the Pro Kind intervention increases the number of further births and thereby decreases mothers' employment. 

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11.11.2015

Current Expertise on the Revision of the Municipal Fiscal Equalization Scheme of Lower Saxony

The NIW has worked out a comprehensive expertise on the revision of the horizontal fiscal equalization scheme of Lower Saxony (municipal fiscal equalization scheme) on behalf of the Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior and Sport. The results show some options for modifications to the state government, but an urgent adjustment requirement does not exist. The municipal fiscal equalization scheme of Lower Saxony, which lastly has been fundamentally revised in 1999, presently still represents in its horizontal dimension the demand of the municipalities quite accurate.

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29.10.2015

New Publication: The Influence of the School Track on Other-regarding Behavior

Other-regarding preferences are largely important for societies, for example for the perception of a fair income distribution, the taxation and the support of other especially economically weaker members of the society. These preferences differ individually, but by now it is not finally clarified which part of the individual preferences is innate and which part is formed by upbringing and education. In particular, it can be assumed that schools have a decisive influence by imparting values and norms. This influence has been examined by Katrin John and Stephan Thomsen in their article "School-track environment or endowment: What determines different other-regarding behavior across peer groups?", which will published soon in Games and Economic Behavior.

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28.10.2015

New Publication: Environmental Protection as an Innovation Driver

The worldwide growth of the environmental economy is also reflected in an increasing relevance of innovation activities for environmental protection solutions. On behalf of the Federal Environment Agency, NIW and Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI have worked out a study, which uses several indicators to analyze the structures and developments of environmental research in Germany and in an international comparison.

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27.10.2015

New Publication: The Effects of High-Quality Student Mentoring

In the article "The Effects of High-Quality Student Mentoring" which will be published soon in Economics Letters, Malte Sandner examines the effectiveness of a mentoring program for students in their first semester of an economics degree course.

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15.10.2015

New Publication: The Environmental Economy in Germany - Production, Turnover, and Foreign Trade

Efforts to protect and improve the environment and climate are increasing globally. This development is not only reflected in rising costs and investments for environmental purposes but also in a growing economic relevance of environmental protection. A recently published expertise, which has been worked out by the NIW on behalf of the Federal Environment Agency, analyzes the significance of the economic factor "environmental protection" in Germany and in an international comparison, using several indicators referring to production and sales from the German perspective as well as several trade indicators in international comparison. Thereby, particular attention is given to renewable energy goods.

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09.10.2015

Presentation of the Results from the IAB Establishment Panel 2014 for Lower Saxony

On October 7, 2015, Jessica Japtok and Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Meyer have presented the results from the IAB Establishment Panel of the year 2014 to an expert group in the Lower Saxony Ministry for Economics, Labour and Transport. The evaluation of the Establishment Panel represents the latest development of the economy and firms in Lower Saxony.

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09.10.2015

Research Project on Chinese Investors in Germany started

The research project "multinational enterprises from China in Germany: institutional proximity, local interaction and knowledge exchange" is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for two years. The aim is to examine activities of multina-tional Chinese enterprises with respect to their dealing with institutional distance, their local interaction and the knowledge transfer between Germany and China.

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09.10.2015

Research Project on Sustainability in the Food Production has started

The research project "Sustainability Transitions in the Food Production: alternative protein sources from a socio-technical perspective", funded by the VolkswagenStiftung and the Low-er Saxony Ministry for Science and Culture (MWK) within the framework of the Niedersächsisches Vorab (program: science for sustainable development) deals with the po-tential of sustainable agriculture and nutrition by utilizing alternative protein sources. 

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29.09.2015

New Publication: Innovation Indicators for the Chemical Industry 2015

The expertise, which has been worked out jointly by NIW and ZEW, provides in a concise manner an up-to-date overview on research and innovation in the German chemical industry as well as in the scientific and technological field of chemistry.

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28.09.2015

New Discussion Paper on the Relationship between Income Poverty and Personality Traits

In a recent discussion paper Hendrik Thiel and Stephan Thomsen examine the relationship between income poverty and personality traits. In particular, they investigate whether individual control-perception affects the probability of becoming poor, and vice versa, whether poverty experiences can be detrimental to these traits later on.

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03.09.2015

Researchers of the NIW present current findings at the Annual Conference of the Verein für Socialpolitik

At the annual conference of the Verein für Socialpolitik, which is held from September 6 to September 9 in Münster, several employees of the NIW present current results of their research, particularly concerning the fields of education and labor economics.

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03.09.2015

New Publication: The results of the pilot project Pro Kind at a glance

The research results of the home visit program Pro Kind are summarized in a recently published article in the journal Mental Health & Prevention.

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27.08.2015

NIW supports 40 Refugee Children Starting School

The Lower Saxony Institute for Economic Research (NIW Hannover) is actively contributing to the support of the refugees in Hannover. At the beginning of the new school year, many refugee children face the need for school supplies. For the 40 children who get newly enrolled to primary school at the beginning of the school year, the employees of the NIW have donated money, which was topped up by the management. Herewith, necessary school supplies materials such as paintboxes, brush sets, crayons, coloured pencils, pencils and scissors could be purchased.

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19.08.2015

NIW Researchers are presenting at International Conferences

The researchers of the NIW, Alexander Cordes, Daniel Schiller and Pia Wassmann are presenting current results of their research at the annual congress of the European Regional Science Association (ERSA), which takes place on 25-28 August in Lisbon. At the same time, Tobias Meyer and Malte Sandner present their work at the annual congress of the European Economic Association (EEA), taking place on 24-27 August in Mannheim.

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13.08.2015

niw info 1/2015

In the current newsletter we inform about finished and new research projects and other activities in the first half of the year 2015.

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30.07.2015

New NIW-Discussionpaper: Ist der Fachkräftemangel in Niedersachsen akut?

Skill shortages are an important issue of the current economic policy debate in Germany. However, it is not always clear whether the term applies to an actual or future problem. The paper "Fachkräftemangel in Niedersachsen: Ein aktuelles Problem?" by Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Meyer tests empirically whether a shortage of skilled workers already existed in Lower Saxony in the period 2008 – 2014 or whether there were temporary bottlenecks, which could be solved by an appropriate personnel management.

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23.07.2015

Presentation in the NIW Research Seminar

On Tuesday, July 28, there will be a presentation in the NIW Research Seminar by Prof. Dr. C. Katharina Spieß (DIW Berlin and FU Berlin) on the subject "Preference for College and Educational Inequality: Do Students Lack Information?". The presentation will start at 2.00 pm at the NIW (Königstraße 53). All interested persons are welcome.

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09.07.2015

New Publication: Development and Functional Shifts of Manufacturing Employment in Europe

Most European countries experience a continuous decline in manufacturing employment. In a recently published article in the DIW Quarterly Journal of Economic Research (DIW Vierteljahresheft) 1/2015, Alexander Cordes and Birgit Gehrke investigate the question whether a relationship exists between the quantitative development of manufacturing employment and its structural composition (functions and tasks). The results show that the decline in manufacturing employment in the EU since 2008 is mainly driven by the decreased demand for production tasks. This effect was not that large in the knowledge intensive industry (compared to other industries) due to the higher relevance of strategically important functions (STEM professions, high-skilled management functions). Employment in German manufacturing was generally favored by national employment trends and a comparably low share of production tasks.

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02.07.2015

New Publication: The Impacts of Shortening Secondary School Duration

The articles in the IZA World of Labor present comprehensive research findings based on empirical evidence in a compact and very readable style to a large target group of interested persons in policy, administration, economy, society and media. The newly published article "The impacts of shortening secondary school duration" by Prof. Dr. Stephan Thomsen provides a review of the effects of shortening university preparatory schooling. The review is based on the available empirical studies, which analyzed the large reforms of high school in Germany and Canada.

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29.06.2015

Activity Report 2014

The Activity Report 2014, presenting the work of the NIW in the year 2014, has been released.

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19.06.2015

The economic situation of Lower Saxony in 2015: clear signs of a solid upswing

The new "NIW-Konjunkturletter" informs about the current and future economic situation in Lower Saxony and Germany.

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16.06.2015

Now also in English: List of Environmental Protection Goods

The new list of goods that are (capable of being) used for environmental and climate protection purposes, which had been worked out by the NIW on behalf of the Federal Environment Agency, has now been published also in English Language. The report documents the creation of this new list of potential environmental protection goods, which is based on the German official nomenclature of goods for production statistics 2009. The list forms the basis for detailed analyses of the structure and development of the production and international trade of potential environmental protection goods.

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08.06.2015

New Publication: Economic Cost-Benefit Analyses as an Evaluation Tool in the Prevention

In a recent article in forum kriminalprävention (forum on crime prevention), Prof. Dr. Thomsen examines the possibilities to apply economic cost-benefit analyses to the evaluation of (crime-)prevention. Crime in Germany causes massive damage, both for directly and indirectly affected people, as well as for the society as a whole. To evaluate objectively the damage caused by crime, the damages and their costs need to be determined and made comparable at the first instance. Additionally, the comparison of costs helps to answer the question, how much effort should be undertaken by the state in order to curb the crime. The use of cost-benefit analyses would make it possible to evaluate prevention programs and the criminal policy economically, and in this way to support decisions with respect to modifications, extensions or termination of activities. 

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04.06.2015

New Publication: Improving the Precision of Population Projections for Small Areas

In their current article "Subnational Population Projections by Age: An Evaluation of Combined Forecast Techniques", which will be published in Population Research and Policy Review, Mario Reinhold and Stephan Thomsen suggest the combination of different methods for population projections in order to improve the precision of forecasts for small areas. Population projections, which consider the age structure of small spatial areas, are an important foundation for all demographic-related decisions. Examples in the planning of future physical and social infrastructure are the regional and age-related differences in demand for schools, hospitals and basic supply of services, as well as for social and nursing services. Therefore, the more accurate the population projection is done, the better over- and under-capacities can be avoided. Even small percentage deviations in the prediction can subsequently lead to large errors in investment decisions. The method developed by the authors and illustrated in an application for Niedersachsen reduces the common forecasting errors significantly. Its use in the planning could thus contribute to a more efficient use of public and private resources.

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02.06.2015

Expertise on the Demographic Change in the City of Hamburg has been presented

Two studies on the demographic change in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg have been presented today in a joint event of the Department for Economics of the City of Hamburg and the Körber Foundation. One of the studies has been worked out by the NIW and analyzes the changes in general conditions of the region. The focus was on the opportunities and challenges for the City of Hamburg with respect to selected products and services as well as on the consequences of the changing age structure of employees.

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02.06.2015

Report on the System of Indicators on Key Enabling Technologies (KETs Observatory) has been published

The research group for the system of indicators on key enabling technologies (KETs Observatory) has presented its first annual report. The report analyses, on behalf of the European Commission (DG Growth), the performance of the EU-28 and its member states in several enabling technologies – nanotechnology, industrial biotechnology, optical technologies, micro- and nanotechnologies, new materials and new production technologies – and compares it with important competitors in North America and Asia. The focus of the first annual report is on technologies (patents), production, foreign trade and enterprises. Within the consortium consisting of six European research institutes, the NIW is responsible for the analyses on foreign trade.

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07.05.2015

Costs and Benefits of Prevention in the Economic Analysis

A new expertise with the title "Costs and Benefits of Prevention in the Economic Analysis", which has been worked out by Prof. Dr. Stephan L. Thomsen for the 20th German Congress on Crime Prevention, has been published. The expertise constitutes the discussion basis for the 20th German Congress on Crime Prevention in June 2015.

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06.05.2015

Presentation in the NIW Research Seminar

On Tuesday, May 12, there will be a presentation in the NIW Research Seminar by Prof. Dr. Katja Görlitz (FU Berlin) on the subject "Evaluation of the training voucher program Bildungsprämie". The presentation will start at 2.00 pm at the NIW (Königstraße 53). All interested persons are welcome.

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19.03.2015

Presentation in the NIW Research Seminar

On Tuesday, March 24, there will be a presentation in the NIW Research Seminar by Dr. Simon Janssen (IAB Nürnberg) on the subject "The Long-Lasting Effect of Technological Change on the Careers of Young Workers: Evidence from Changes of Mandatory Training Regulations". The presentation will start at 2.00 pm at the NIW (Königstraße 53). All interested persons are welcome.

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03.03.2015

New Report on Development Perspectives of the Districts Helmstedt and Wolfenbüttel is published

The districts Wolfenbüttel and Helmstedt conducted exploratory discussions and briefings with the objective of assessing the options for closer cooperation and a possible merger of the two districts. In this context, the NIW was commissioned, at the beginning of January 2015, to work out an expertise on the joint development perspectives of the two districts. In March 2015, the report shall be incorporated into the policy-making process on further proceedings.

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25.02.2015

New Studies on the German Innovation System have been released

The Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation (EFI) today has handed over its annual report to the Federal Government. The report is based on empirical studies which are relevant for innovation policy. Some of these studies have been worked out by the NIW Hannover, some on their own and some together with other research institutes.

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11.02.2015

New Research Project funded by the DFG: Multinational Enterprises from China in Germany – Institutional Proximity, Local Integration and Knowledge Exchange

The increase of investments of multinational enterprises from developing and emerging countries in industrialized countries (emerging multinationals) has been described by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 2006 as an important trend of global economic development. A new research project at the NIW, which is funded for two years by the German Research Foundation (DFG), has the aim to examine the activities of emerging enterprises from China in Germany with respect to their institutional proximity, public perception as well as local integration and knowledge exchange.

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10.02.2015

New Publication: China is still not attractive to foreign direct investments in service functions

In a recently published article, Daniel Schiller, Martijn J. Burger und Bas Karreman have examined the current status of sectoral and functional specialisation between Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta. The location choices and investment characteristics of foreign multinational enterprises are used to explore the alleged competition over foreign direct investments in service functions.

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02.02.2015

New Research Project on behalf of the BMAS: Risks of Atypical Employment

The NIW has been commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS) to analyze the "risks of atypical employment for occupational development and income over the life course". The objective of the project is to analyze the effects of atypical employment on the development of qualifications and skills, the occupational mobility, life satisfaction and the development of income of adults. In particular, it is intended to answer the question whether atypical employment leads to a successful integration into the labor market ("stepping-stone hypothesis") or to a longer period of staying in atypical employment ("lock-in effect").

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28.01.2015

niw info spezial 1/2015: Transport and Logistics in Lower Saxony

The discussion about transport infrastructure attracts currently a high attention in the German public. The year 2015 is the crucial phase in working out the new plan for federal traffic routes. This plan provides the basis for decisions about important infrastructure projects in the next years. In the newly published niw info spezial 1/2015 we present important facts, arguments and requirements for action with respect to the transport infrastructure and the logistics sectors in Lower Saxony.

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15.01.2015

Presentation in the NIW Research Seminar

On Tuesday, January 20, there will be a presentation in the NIW Research Seminar by Dr. Britta Gehrke (Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg) on the subject "Does Short-Time Work Save Jobs? A Business Cycle Analysis". The presentation will start at 2.00 pm at the NIW (Königstraße 53). All interested persons are welcome.

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