Competitiveness, Structural Change and Industries

The competitiveness of the German and Lower Saxony economy as well as their growth and employment possibilities depend significantly on the direction and speed of the structural change, the innovative capability of firms and the state as well as the assertiveness of international division of labour.

Because of this the NIW carries out detailed industry studies. Both established and young sectors with high growth potentials are being focused on. Besides the analysis of classical industries as for example the automobile and chemistry industry, the NIW increasingly observes the development of cross-sectoral fields and knowledge-intensive service industries e.g. environmental economics, life-science-industry, health economics or economics of information and communication, of which strong impetus towards expansion are being expected.

Analysis on the technological performance of innovations systems of Germanys and the federal states are of particular interest. The NIW significantly contributes to the reporting on research and innovation in Germany through appointments by a commission of experts of the federal government. The main perspective in this context is the evaluation of the position of Germany in the international competition. The focus is on the behavior of firms and public authorities in research and development, the required qualifications and the dynamic of neuralgic research and knowledge-intensive branches of the economy. It is especially important for growth and employment, that the innovative potentials can be implemented into innovations, which are relevant for the world market. Therefore the scale has to be the international competitiveness of the German and Lower Saxony economy. In this respect, the NIW has been concerned with the German environmental economy for a long time and provides essential information for the objectification of the discussion about costs and benefits of environment and climate protection efforts, which are gaining importance in the face of global challenges.

Chances and development restrains, strengths and weaknesses of innovative potentials, economic structure and dynamic as well as the integration in the international division of labor are being identified through the analysis of existing statistics and own surveys, e.g. business inquiries. Based on this, proposals on how to improve the positioning are being made. Especially small and medium companies are in the foreground.